The 2005 lecture was delivered by Professor Christopher M Bishop, Assistant Director of Microsoft Research Cambridge and Professor of Computer Science at The University of Edinburgh.
'Machines that learn'
Machine learning is a well established field and plays a central role in areas such as speech recognition, face detection and handwriting recognition.
In the last few years, however, the range of successful applications of machine learning has broadened significantly to include areas as diverse as spam email filtering, DNA sequence modelling and computer games.
While improvements in the speed and memory capacity of computers have played an important role in this growth, there have also been some key technical developments.
This talk highlighted some of these, such as the use of graphical techniques to represent complex probabilistic models, and the role of approximate inference techniques such as variational methods in applying those models.
Recent applications were used to illustrate the talk, which concluded with some pointers to potential future directions.